Fundamentals of Interior Design

Posted: September 6th, 2013





Fundamentals of Interior Design

1. Gestalt refers to a broad description of the theories that make accord and diversity achievable in interior design. This theory is involved with understanding the art psychology as well as visual perception. Gestalt is concerned with the relationships between the whole and parts of the whole composition. Its principles may include proximity, symmetry and similarity among others.

2. (a) Vertical lines-They suggest a feeling of superiority and divinity. Lines drawn erect bring a perception of extending upwards to the sky. They are common in public buildings such as cathedrals.

(b) Horizontal lines-They suggest a feeling of repose as objects similar to the world are deemed at rest.

(c) Diagonal lines-They suggest a sense of movement in a particular direction. They look like they are about to fall or are in motion (Dodsworth 12). In two dimensions, diagonal lines indicate depth.

(d) Curved lines-Shallow curves present an aspect of safety and relaxation. Curves also have a pleasing quality, as they are similar to body curves.

3.  Two-dimensional form is shapes having two aspects that are height and width for example the flat surface of drawings, paintings and images. Three-dimensional form are shapes with three aspects-length, width and depth. These forms can exist in actual space as an illusion of mass and volume on a two dimensional surface.

4. Texture refers to the actual or visual qualities that any work of art posses. Texture may be felt on the materials used to create art or perceived by an individual as mimicking the surface of another substance.

5. A pattern is a type of decoration design that is recurring in a predictable manner.

6. Ornaments are accessories used to beautify parts of an object. They are usually adorned by models or used to embellish buildings.

7. Opacity is the degree to which an object is unable to allow light to penetrate it.

8. Transparency is the property of an object that allows light to be fully transmitted through it.

9. Translucency is the property of an object that allows partial transmission of light because of diffusive properties.

10. Scale refers to how an object relates to the size of another object compared to it for example a large sofa in a small room. Proportion refers to the ratio between the sizes of objects while size refers to how big or small an object is.

11. Radial symmetry refers to a body plan where an objected can be divided into equal halves along a central axis while bilateral symmetry is a body plan in which the right and left sides of the body can be split into similar images along the midline.

Chapter 9:  Materials and Their Uses

1. Structural elements are major parts of a project or work that forms the foundation and ensures the stability of buildings or other objects for example trusses and columns while non-structural elements comprise of elements of a building that are not part of the main load-supporting system.

2. Masonry is the technical profession of erecting structures by binding them together with mortar. Masons use concrete, cement and cast stone as their main materials (Dodsworth 56).

3. Natural materials are products that originate from animals, plants or the Earth. They can be extracted through mining such as wood, cotton and copper.

4. Processed materials are products that have been developed by humans from raw materials for example paper from wood.

5. Synthetic materials are products created through scientific means as a substitute for the natural materials for example nylon and polyester.

6. Softwood trees are conifers, evergreen and gymnosperm for example pines, Cedar, Cypress

7. Hardwood trees are deciduous and are found in cold climates for example oak, Mapel and mahogany.

8. Veneers are the thin pieces of wood usually less than three millimeters that are glued to medium density core panels to produce flat surfaces.

9. The type and size of screws to be used on a project have to be considered. The screws should be able to hold both boards in place without splitting the wood or poking out. The methods of connecting wood must be determined that is should one use a dovetail, butt of mortise and tenon joint (Dodsworth 34).

Chapter 12: Textiles

1. Cotton and wool

2. Polyester and Rayon

3. Calendaring and crease-resistant finishes. The purpose of finishes is to perform treatments and other processes that make a fabric suitable for its proposed use.

4. carbon based as well as cellulose based fibers

5.Calendering where fabric is pressed under high temperatures while folded. Secondly, decatising entailing the permanent finish to avert shrinkage in future use of fabric.

Chapter 5: The Design Process

1. The Beaux Arts method refers to a teaching curriculum in the study of architecture that was developed by École des Beaux-Arts and which involves instructing students in an atelier environment an also includes observational drawing, systematic design methodology and architectural drafting among other subjects.

2. Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) is a statistical instrument that illustrates the different tasks required for the completion of a project.

3. Critical path method (CPM) is an algorithm used to schedule the different project activities in project management.

4. Concept art is an illustration of art with the purpose of conveying an image representation of an idea or design before it is actualized in a film or book. Concept sketches are therefore the representations of people’s ideas in sketches.

5. Axonometric drawing is the creation of images where the object is rotated along one or more of its axes comparative to the level surface of projection.

6. Blueprints contain scales that are read by an engineer’s ruler. They also contain contour lines and benchmarks to how if the ground will be graded or not. They also show the entire scope of the project, as well as the required materials and equipment.

Chapter 1, Introduction

1.         Residential – 43%

Commercial or industrial – 37%

Institutional – 15%

Miscellaneous – 5%


Work Cited

Pile, John F, and Arnold Friedmann. Interior Design. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007. Print.


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