Language of Art

Posted: November 30th, 2013

Language of Art




Language of Art

It is common knowledge that art is a form of expression. According to its difference, each art seeks to convey a different hidden meaning to the audience, based on the artist’s impression. As a form of communication, art draws comprehension among people and at the same time creates confusion and intimidation, as well as lack of comprehension. Therefore, art is a language that echoes the views and sentiments of the artist, and for it to be classified as a language, it must have a variety of elements that constitute it. The main elements that constitute art comprise:

Principle of Design

In any form of art, there are the principles of design which are used to describe the way artists use the components of art in an artwork. These principles are also guidelines or rules or standards set to be observed by artists in their works of art. They also assist the artists in making a decent composition in their work. They have been described as concepts used to put the components that make up the structure of the design in uniformity. The method in which these principles are used has an overall outcome on the theme intended to be passed on by the artist. There are the basic components that constitute the principles of design, and they include:


Balance can be noted as the allotment of the visual mass of colors, objects, texture, and space. It is the notion of stability and relates to the material logic of steadiness as perceived by the mind. To put it simply, it is a compromise of disparate forces that work together to ensure firmness in perception. Good artworks are able to attain balance, either symmetrically or asymmetrically. Attaining a balance on both sides, an artwork is able to become symmetrical. The sides of the design are equal because the elements used on both sides are comparable to each other. In a more casual manner, symmetrical balance can be described as proper stability. Bilateral symmetry occurs when the constituents of the design are aligned evenly on both sides. When the constituents of the design are aligned uniformly in the center, radial symmetry is achieved. In asymmetrical balance, the elements of the respective design appear imbalanced but are actually put in a way that results in equilibrium.


The regular recurring pattern of elements in a design defines a rhythm. When the design elements are put into use to create a feeling of organized movement, a rhythm is formed. Rhythm creates a mood like music or dancing. Rhythm enables one to experience organization and predictability in an artwork. Perceptible rhythm is best comprehended by relating it to the rhythm in sound. Rhythm allows the design to build up an inner uniformity that makes it easy for a person to identify.

Style and Form

Style refers to the amalgamation of exclusive features of an artistic expression in a composition. It can be described as a unique way in which art is produced or performed. It refers to the outward appearance of an artwork that distinguishes it from other works of different artists. Style is typically treated as a different from the subject matter and content of the composition. On the other hand, form is an area which defines matter in space. It is the arrangement, shape or visual appearance of an object. The form of an object can be comprised of the height and the width and thus appear one sided and can consist of the depth as well. An object is also said to occur in a natural form such as mountains or other naturally formed entities or as a mathematical form due to the use of triangles and circles in architectural or building designs.

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