Posted: August 29th, 2013
Systems Media Table
|Word processor||These word processors are computer appliances used in producing typed text. The main purpose is to carry out all forms of manipulation in a created document in accordance to the user requirements through editing. In addition, word processors also enable the exchange of information and processing inputted data to output.||One example is Microsoft word, which is used in creating a document through typing words. The second example is Microsoft excel which is used in performing calculations, creating and manipulation of tables.||There are various applications of word processors including the use of footnotes, inserting and drawing tables and diagrams, and the appliance of arithmetic functions. Other uses includes checking and assessing grammatical errors, finding and replacing words, brings in information and arranges data in the order specified by the user.|
|Hierarchical database||This is a data representation, which follows a tree-form arrangement. The main purpose is in presenting the different types of association that help in connecting a number of information presented in tables.||An example is in a school database that includes several features listed in columns such as student number, first name and last name. The hierarchical database can be applied when relating this database to another that contains student grades.||The hierarchical database is used for presenting a sequence of information in a particular structure that is able to show the link between the various involved fields. It is also used in collecting and arranging data in a way that the various fields can be traced.|
|Flat database||It is a database made of only one table. The singular table consists of a group of fields including rows and columns. It ensures easier storage of data by storing various categories of data in a single location.||A mobile phone list can be a good example of a flat database since it contains two fields including the name and the corresponding telephone number||A flat database can be applied in several fields including the creation of tables in word processors like Microsoft excel and web documents that include tables using HTML.|
|Object-oriented database||This is a database providing facilities for database management. It enables storage of data in a way that can only be understood through applying techniques defined by its group. The connection among the same objects is reserved as indications between the objects.||An example of an object-oriented database is the Virtual Object Storage System or VOSS that specializes in offering visible multi-user availability and operation processing of constant and versioned Smalltalk objects.||An object-oriented database enables computer programmers to build up a certain product, accumulate them as objects and adjust the current objects to new ones that can be used within the database system.|
|Stand alone information system||This type of information system has the ability to operate autonomously without the assistance of connecting to other information systems.||Examples of stand-alone system include the Mac operating system, Linux OS, Vista, Unix, Netware and Solaris operating systems.||Stand-alone information systems can be used in the implementation of household security systems and telephony systems.|
|Hospital information system||This system ensures that the various medical institutions provide the utmost quality in healthcare and administrative service by providing information where it is required and acquiring it when generated through electronic data processing.||An example of a Health Information System is the Radiology Information system that performs functions such as storage, manipulation, retrieval and interpretation of information concerning the x-rays performed on patients.||The information system is used for managing information revolving the medical and administrative sectors in order for the medical staff to operate more effectively.|
|Specialty information system||It deals with handling processes that are specialized and connected to the Information Technology appliances. In addition, it is responsible for the management of information technology.||An example is the Enterprise Resource Planning system, which is an incorporated information system that is used for managing the internal and external sources of a computer.||Specialty Information Systems can be used in processes including management of projects, system analysis and design, database and network management, systems integration and engineering.|
|Administrative information system||They are information systems that are responsible for storing, retrieving and maintaining the flow of information that backs up the administrative structure of a particular organization.||Examples of administrative information systems found in academic institutions include myWeb that gives information on students and the administrative staff and DUReports that deals with managing flow of information within the administrative sector.||This system can be applied in analyzing business processes, designing information systems, evaluation and assessment in technical research, programming systems and administrating databases for other several databases.|
|Operations support systems||The operating support system consists of applications that assist the communication service giver in monitoring, analyzing, controlling and managing a communication network.||An example of an operating support system is the Transaction Processing System in which information is recorded and processed from business operations. Process Control Systems is another example that deals with monitoring and controlling the processes that take place in a computer hardware.||It can be used for configuring network elements, sustaining the network list, providing customer service in communication agencies and managing network errors.|
|Documentation system||The system is designed to give particular information on the requirements, structure, operations and functionality of a yet to be developed system.||An example is the medical documentation system, in which the medical service providers are able to be updated on the status of their patients||The system can be used in accessing a general overview of other systems in order to borrow concepts when developing the new system.|
|Electronic medical record||This is an automated hospital record that is developed in health organizations including hospitals and clinics that deals with storing, retrieving and modifying information included in the records.||Examples of softwares that show automated medical records include the Meditouch, and eClinical, that includes medical data of patients from the arrival to leaving period.||The automated medical records can be used in assessing the interactive processes that take place between the patients and the medical staff. It can also be used for financial reference whereby the cost of medical supplies is calculated by referring to the list including the amount of medical supplies.|
|Spreadsheet||Spreadsheets enable arithmetic calculations to be carried out through electronic means. Users can also be able to make corrections and changes to the numbers during the calculating process.||An example is in the case where students are asked to get the statistical figures of their surrounding population. In this case, a spreadsheet will be used in arranging different population categories where the data is entered in different rows and columns.||Spreadsheets can be used in the financial fields of accounting, assessment and evaluations of financial records, presentation of statistical graphs and financial budgeting.|
|Presentation/graphical||This system allows users in using different graphic styles to present extremely stylized pictures for slide show presentations. It consists of functions for inserting charts that helps in presenting information.||An example is of a presentation or graphical application is the Microsoft PowerPoint, which enables users to transform the information to be in a presentable manner by increasing font size plus the inclusion of images and graphs.||The system can be used for presenting ideas in business management projects. It can also be used in presenting statistical figures when analyzing the costs involved in a business project.|
|Decision aid||A Decision aid system offers assistance in reaching a final decision given a selection of various alternatives. It focuses on helping individuals in selecting the most appropriate choice among various alternatives.||An example is the Diagnostic decision Aid System for selection of surgical treatment. Another example is the Weed control Decision Aid System for selecting the preferred method of controlling weeds.||A decision aid can be used where in assisting the medical staff where they have to make critical decisions concerning the appropriate medical diagnosis to follow when examining a patient.|
|Decision support system||It is a system meant for analyzing and presenting information in order to simplify the decision-making process. In addition, it supports activities of a particular business or organization that supports decision-making.||An example of this system is the Knowledge Based System, which is a set of artificial devices aimed at providing intellectual justified decisions. Another example is the banking system in which the credit status of a loan applicant is validated.||Used for planning and managing the business activities in an organization.
It can be used for financial analysis when making decisions based on the statistical figures of sales, costs and income.
|Expert System||It is a computerized system meant for giving solutions to composite problems through the process of reasoning about information. In addition, it does not follow the processes used by a developer||An example is known as the PXDES, or the Pneumoconiosis X-ray Diagnosis System, which is used for diagnosis of lung illnesses and x-rays. It integrates the inference locomotive to scan the shadows generated by the x-ray.||They can be used in diagnostic appliances, making critical decisions within the financial sector, configuration of personal computers. Other uses include monitoring real time systems and underwriting insurance guidelines.|
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