Posted: August 29th, 2013
Technology System Paper
Technology Systems Paper
Technological innovation refers to the “use of knowledge to apply tools, materials process, and techniques to come up with new solutions to problems” (Shane, 2009). The Toyota Company is one of the world’s largest companies that have benefited greatly from technological innovation. The company invests heavily in technology systems and knowledge management to develop innovations that it uses on its products. This makes it one of the leading motor corporations in the world. The company’s decision to concentrate on technological innovations has given it a competitive edge over other companies.
The company has invested in designing technology that continually improves the quality of its cars. It uses technology to ensure that its cars have less impact on the environment. It also uses technology to design better cars, with specific interest in safety and usage. Many people today are concerned with environmental conservation and preservation, and Toyota is no exception. The company has designed eco-friendly cars, which will ensure that they do not emit substances that will harm the environment.
The company applied technological innovation to design a fuel cell vehicle, which uses hydrogen to generate electricity. The vehicle has been designed in such a way that it uses less energy, and it is environmentally friendly. The company has also developed an electric car. The car does not have any engine, and it produces no emissions. Although the car looks small on the outside, it has a large interior, and it can accommodate four people. Such innovations are not new to the company. The company has concentrated on satisfying the customers’ needs through using technology since it was first established in 1937 (Joo, 2010).
Timeline of Development and Implementation
In 1966, the first generation 1100cc Corolla was launched with features such as backup lights, and Macpherson strut suspension. Although these features are common today, they were not common during that time. Toyota led the way and other car companies soon developed the technology and included it in their cars. In 1983, the company developed the electronic modulated suspension. In 1997, Toyota launched the Prius, which was the first mass produced hybrid car.
The Prius was one of the most eco-friendly and energy efficient cars, and it led other technological innovations in the company. In 2001, the company developed an electronically controlled brake (Tidd, & Bessart, 2005). In 2003 developed an intelligent parking assistant, front and side-view monitor system and pre-crash safety. The development of the intelligence assistant was a major milestone for the company, and it ensured safety. In 2004, the company developed an adaptive cruise control with low speed following mode and in 2009 introduced the FT-EV, a battery electric vehicle
Effect of Technology Systems on the Organization
The evolution of technology systems has benefited companies greatly. It has created jobs and opportunities, and it has largely enhanced and improved companies operations (Tidd & Bessart, 2005). Technology systems have given many businesses a competitive edge. On the other hand, they have also made some operations in businesses more complex. Management needs to invest more on information technology to ensure the smooth and efficient running of business in their organization (Kolawa, 2009). The technological field is one of the most diverse fields, and it is ever evolving. Different innovations come up at a higher rate than in other industries.
Most of the newer products are usually better, more efficient, and of a higher quality, as competitors try to outdo each other, and gain a wider market. The evolution of technology systems has benefited businesses by enabling them to cut costs and promote growth; Technology systems have improved information technology management by creating better services and products. One of the most significant technological systems in organizations today is the internet. The internet has enabled organizations to integrate technology, people, communication and information (Axson, 2010).
Technological systems have increased the opportunities in information technology. The systems are applied in areas such as marketing and distribution, and this has made work easier in these areas (Tidd & Bessart, 2005). The systems have also increased and enhanced investment opportunities. Technological systems in the information technology management have enhanced communication, in the sense that they have made it easier for people to communicate within the organization. They have reduced the time it takes for messages to pass from one person to the other.
They have enabled the reduction and elimination of errors. The systems have enhanced communication by eliminating misunderstanding that results from miscommunication, thereby improving quality. The systems have made information available to everyone. They have reduced the costs of obtaining services and products. The systems have changed the way people do their work. They have increased multitasking, and have enabled people to take on different roles and responsibilities in organizations.
Some of the tasks were usually allocated to one person who had specialized in the specific area, but this is no longer the case. Because people can access information easily, they can are able to get more knowledge, and this enables them to undertake many tasks. The evolution of systems in information management has led to the creation of simpler systems, which do not require high mastery before one can undertake them (Olsen, Pederson, & Hendricks, 2009). This means that organizations are able to reduce their operational and production costs.
Technological systems have reduced costs related to information technology management. Systems such as cloud computing are revolutionizing the information technology industry. They are eliminating the need of expensive computer hardware by applying virtualization. This means that companies spend less money on installation, and maintenance. Moreover, they do not have to worry about buying the latest information management systems in the market (Ostermann, Iosup, Yigitbasi, Prodan, Fahringer, & Epema, 2010).
The evolution of technological systems means that organizations should keep on training their workers on how they can use the systems fully to their advantage. Many systems in the information technology sector are underutilized (Jasperson, Carter, & Zmud, 2005). Technology systems have changed the way knowledge workers perform their duties. Knowledge workers such as programmers, analysts and researchers are able to perform their work in a better way than before. The evolution in technology systems has enhanced technology in the sense that knowledge workers are able to make technology work for them.
Knowledge workers deal with non-routine work and they have to apply creative thinking. Knowledge workers spend a lot of time searching for information, analyzing different topics and problems and networking. They also organize, retrieve and track information. They create, share and manage knowledge and information within the organization and between different organizations (Reinhardt, Schmidt, Sloep, & Drachsler, 2011). Knowledge worker roles include controller, linker, organizer, helper, networker, retriever, learner, tracker, sharer and solver.
Technological systems have eased the work performed by people by reducing the effort and time devoted in many processes. The systems have enabled the knowledge workers to perform their tasks and roles with relative ease. They have provided the necessary mechanisms for workers to perform their work. For instance, the workers have access to search engines, where they can obtain different information. The technological systems have evolved and the workers can use them in a more efficient way. Workers can filter out the information that is not needed, and this reduces errors.
Technological systems have enabled knowledge workers to communicate and share knowledge in a better way. As they share this information, they network with each other and they gain more knowledge. They are therefore able to come up with better creative ideas. This enhances the competition between them. Competition benefits the organization and the clients by ensuring that the organizations and the clients get better services. The evolution of systems has enabled global knowledge workers to connect without limitations of culture and has enhanced diversity and equality in organizations (Nicolopoulou, Ozkan, Tatli, & Taylor, 2011)
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